“The argument from authority tries to justify a conclusion by pointing out that some expert or authority endorses the conclusion. […] “My parents say that Santa Claus exists. Therefore Santa Claus exists” or “My peers say that clothing item x is great. Therefore clothing item x is great.” In the case of the JIF, a high impact factor of a journal would play the role of an authority for the quality of the papers within it.”
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2014Meta-Science (Implications)

The uncanny return of the race concept

Abstract The aim of this Hypothesis and Theory is to question the recently increasing use of the “race” concept in contemporary genetic, psychiatric, neuroscience as …

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2013Meta-Science (Implications)

On the role of critique for science: a reply to Bao and Pöppel

Abstract We are pleased that the concerns raised about cultural neuroscience (CN) have initiated a debate. This indicates that there are some issues worth being …

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2013Meta-Science (Methods)

Potential bias in meta-analyses of effect sizes in imaging genetics

Abstract The penetrance of genetic variation has been assumed to be higher at the level of neural phenotypes than at the level of behavioral phenotypes. …

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2013Meta-Science (Methods)

Partial support for ZNF804A genotype-dependent alterations in prefrontal connectivity

Abstract Genome-wide association studies identified the single nucleotide polymorphism rs1344706 in ZNF804A as a common risk-variant for schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. Whereas the molecular function …

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2013Meta-Science (Implications)

Essentializing the binary self: Individualism and collectivism in cultural neuroscience

Abstract Within the emerging field of cultural neuroscience (CN) one branch of research focuses on the neural underpinnings of “individualistic/Western” vs. “collectivistic/Eastern” self-views. These studies …

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2013Hormones/Neuromodulators

Functional polymorphism in the neuropeptide Y gene promoter (rs16147) is associated with serum leptin levels and waist-hip ratio in women

Abstract Objective: The neuropeptide-Y (NP-Y) gene is a strong candidate gene in the pathophysiology of obesity-linked behavior, and several single-nucleotide polymorphisms of NP-Y have already been …

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2013Hormones/Neuromodulators

The impact of dopamine on aggression: an [18F]-FDOPA PET Study in healthy males

Abstract Cerebral dopamine (DA) transmission is thought to be an important modulator for the development and occurrence of aggressive behavior. However, the link between aggression …

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2013Meta-Science (Methods)

Test-retest reliability of fMRI brain activity during memory encoding

Abstract The mechanisms underlying hemispheric specialization of memory are not completely understood. Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) can be used to develop and test models …

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2013Clinical

Lack of association of a functional catechol-O-methyltransferase gene polymorphism with risk of tobacco smoking: results from a multicenter case-control study

Abstract Background: The catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) modulates dopaminergic neurotransmission in the prefrontal cortex as well as in the mesolimbic reward system. Since the reward system mediates addictive …

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2012Meta-Science (Implications)

Concerns about cultural neurosciences: A critical analysis

Abstract Ten years ago, neuroscientists began to study cultural phenomena by using functional MRI. Since then the number of publications in this field, termed cultural …

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