The argument from authority tries to justify a conclusion by pointing out that some expert or authority endorses the conclusion. […] “My parents say that Santa Claus exists. Therefore Santa Claus exists” or “My peers say that clothing item x is great. Therefore clothing item x is great.” In the case of the JIF, a high impact factor of a journal would play the role of an authority for the quality of the papers within it.”

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    Spinach in the teeth: How ego- and allocentric perspectives modulate neural correlates of embarrassment in the face of others’ public mishaps. Mayer AV, Müller-Pinzler L,Krach S, Paulus FM.Cortex. 2020 Jun 26;130:275-289. doi: 10.1016/j.cortex.2020.06.001. Online ahead of print.

    Selective REM-Sleep Suppression Increases Next-Day Negative Affect and Amygdala Responses to Social Exclusion. Glosemeyer RW, Diekelmann S, Cassel W, Kesper K, Koehler U, Westermann S, Steffen A, Borgwardt S, Wilhelm I, Müller-Pinzler I, Paulus FM, Krach S, Stolz DS. BioRxiv.

    Internal control beliefs shape positive affect and associated neural dynamics during outcome valuation. Stolz DS, Müller-Pinzler L, Krach S, Paulus FM. Nat Commun. 2020 Mar 6;11(1):1230. doi: 10.1038/s41467-020-14800-4.

    The c-index as a measure of a scientist’s efficiency and assertiveness. Paulus FM, Krach S. Published online on April 1st 2020. 


    Negativity-bias in forming beliefs about own abilities. Müller-Pinzler L, Czekalla N, Mayer AV, Stolz DS, Gazzola V, Keysers C, Paulus FM & Krach S. Sci Rep. 2019; Oct 8;  9:14416.

    The pursuit of pride: Outcomes achieved under beliefs of internal control shape positive affect and neural dynamics in the vmPFC. Stolz DS, Müller-Pinzler L, Krach, S, Paulus FM. preprint at bioRxiv 

    Empathy in Females with Autism Spectrum Disorder. Stroth S., Paye AL, Kamp-Becker I, Wermter AK, Krach S, Paulus FM, Müller-Pinzler L. Frontier in Psychiatry. doi: 10.3389/fpsyt.2019.00428

    Social Cognition-A Successful First Year. Krach S. Front Psychiatry. 2018 Dec 19;9:719. doi: 10.3389/fpsyt.2018.00719. eCollection 2018. 

    Neural mechanisms of affective matching across faces and scenes. Preckel K, Trautwein FM, Paulus FM, Kirsch P, Krach S, Singer T, Kanske P. Sci Rep. 2019 Feb 6;9(1):1492. doi: 10.1038/s41598-018-37163-9

    Dissociating Empathy From Perspective-Taking: Evidence From Intra- and Inter-Individual Differences Research. Stietz J, Jauk E, Krach S, Kanske P. Front Psychiatry. 2019 Mar 14;10:126. doi: 10.3389/fpsyt.2019.00126. eCollection 2019. Review


    The impact factor fallacy. Paulus F, Cruz N, Krach S. Front. Psychol., 20 August 2018

    Ketamine-Induced NMDA Receptor Blockade during Natural Speech Production and Its Implications for Formal Thought Disorder in Schizophrenia: A Pharmaco-fMRI Study. Nagels A, Cabanis M, Oppel A, Kirner-Veselinovic A, Schales C, Kircher T. S-2018 May;43(6):1324-1333. doi: 10.1038/npp.2017.270. Epub 2017 Nov 6.

    The Neural Substrate of Reward Anticipation in Health: A Meta-Analysis of fMRI Findings in the Monetary Incentive Delay Task. Wilson RP, Colizzi M, Bossong MG, Allen P, Kempton M; MTAC, Abe N, Barros-Loscertales AR, Bayer J, Beck A, Bjork J, Boecker R, Bustamante JC, Choi JS, Delmonte S, Dillon D, Figee M, Garavan H, Hagele C, Hermans EJ; ICCAM Consortium, Ikeda Y, Kappel V, Kaufmann C, Lamm C, Lammertz SE, Li Y, Murphy A, Nestor L, Pecina M, Pfabigan D, Pizzagalli D, Rademacher L, Roee A, Sommer T, Stark R, Suzuki H, Van Amselvoort T, Van Hell E, Vink M, Votinov M, Wotruba D, Bhattacharyya S. Neuropsychol Rev. 2018 Sep 25. doi: 10.1007/s11065-018-9385-5.

    Peripheral Oxytocin Predicts Higher-Level Social Cognition in Men Regardless of Empathy Quotient. Deuse L, Wudarczyk O, Rademacher L, Kaleta P, Karges W, Kacheva S, Gründer G, Lammertz SE. Pharmacopsychiatry. 2018 Mar 28. doi: 10.1055/a-0590-4850. [Epub ahead of print]

    The causal role of the somatosensory cortex in prosocial behaviour. Gallo S, Paracampo R, Müller-Pinzler L, Severo MC, Blömer L, Fernandes-Henriques C, Henschel A, Lammes BK, Maskaljunas T, Suttrup J, Avenanti A, Keysers C, Gazzola V. Elife. 2018 May 8;7. pii: e32740. doi: 10.7554/eLife.32740.

    Sleep to be social: The critical role of sleep and memory for social interaction. Diekelmann S, Paulus FM, Krach S. Behav Brain Sci. 2018 Jan;41:e10. doi: 10.1017/S0140525X17001327.


    The politics of embarrassment. Paulus FM, Müller-Pinzler L, Meshi D., Peng T-Q, Martinez Mateo M, Krach S. Retrieved from

    Microstructural white matter changes and their relation to neuropsychological deficits in patients with juvenile myoclonic epilepsy. Knake S, Roth C, Belke M, Sonntag J, Kniess T, Krach S, Jansen A, Sommer J, Paulus FM, Carl B, Rosenow F, Hermsen AM, Menzler K. Epilepsy Behav. 2017 Nov;76:56-62. doi: 10.1016/j.yebeh.2017.08.031. Epub 2017 Sep 18.

    Laugh or cringe? Common and distinct processes of reward-based schadenfreude and empathy-based fremdscham. Paulus FM, Müller-Pinzler L, Stolz DS, Mayer AV, Rademacher L, Krach S. Neuropsychologia. 2017 Jun 2. pii: S0028-3932(17)30203-8. doi: 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2017.05.030. [Epub ahead of print]

    The impact factor fallacy. Paulus F, Cruz N, Krach S. Biorxiv;, 2017

    Social Behavior from Rodents to Humans: Neural Foundations and Clinical Implications. Wöhr M, Krach S. Curr Top Behav Neurosci., Springer, 2017

    Drug safety and adverse drug reaction reporting behavior related to outpatient opioid replacement therapy: Results from a survey among physicians. Gahr M, Eller J, Cabanis M, Hiemke C, Freudenmann RW, Connemann BJ, Lang D, Schönfeldt-Lecuona C. J Subst Abuse Treat. 2017 Mar;74:7-15. doi: 10.1016/j.jsat.2016.12.002. Epub 2016 Dec 14.

    Study protocol of the ASD-Net, the German research consortium for the study of Autism Spectrum Disorder across the lifespan: from a better etiological understanding, through valid diagnosis, to more effective health care. Kamp-Becker I, Poustka L, Bachmann C, Ehrlich S, Hoffmann F, Kanske P, Kirsch P, Krach S, Paulus FM, Rietschel M, Roepke S, Roessner V, Schad-Hansjosten T, Singer T, Stroth S, Witt S, Wermter AK. BMC Psychiatry. 2017 Jun 2;17(1):206. doi: 10.1186/s12888-017-1362-7.

    Mechanisms of hemispheric lateralization: A replication study. Wende KC, Thiel C, Sommer J, Paulus FM, Krach S, Jansen A. Cortex. 2017 Sep;94:182-192. doi: 10.1016/j.cortex.2017.04.013. Epub 2017 Apr 22.

    Mindfulness meditation regulates anterior insula activity during empathy for social pain. Laneri D, Krach S, Paulus FM, Kanske P, Schuster V, Sommer J, Müller-Pinzler L. Hum Brain Mapp. 2017 Aug;38(8):4034-4046. doi: 10.1002/hbm.23646. Epub 2017 May 15.

    The Social Neuroscience of Interpersonal Emotions. Müller-Pinzler L, Krach S, Krämer UM, Paulus FM. Curr Top Behav Neurosci. 2017;30:241-256. doi: 10.1007/7854_2016_437. Review.

    Reward: From Basic Reinforcers to Anticipation of Social Cues. Rademacher L, Schulte-Rüther M, Hanewald B, Lammertz S. Curr Top Behav Neurosci. 2017;30:207-221. doi: 10.1007/7854_2015_429. Review.


    Neural correlates of naturalistic social cognition: brain-behavior relationships in healthy adults. Deuse L, Rademacher LM, Winkler L, Schultz RT, Gründer G, Lammertz SE. Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci. 2016 Nov;11(11):1741-1751. Epub 2016 Aug 3.

    Handedness is related to neural mechanisms underlying hemispheric lateralization of face processing. Frässle S, Krach S, Paulus FM, Jansen A. Sci Rep. 2016 Jun 2;6:27153. doi: 10.1038/srep27153.

    Test-retest reliability of effective connectivity in the face perception network. Frässle S, Paulus FM, Krach S, Jansen A. Hum Brain Mapp. 2016 Feb;37(2):730-44. doi: 10.1002/hbm.23061. Epub 2015 Nov 27.

    When your friends make you cringe: social closeness modulates vicarious embarrassment-related neural activity. Müller-Pinzler L, Rademacher L, Paulus FM, Krach S. Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci. 2016 Mar;11(3):466-75. doi: 10.1093/scan/nsv130. Epub 2015 Oct 29.

    Mechanisms of hemispheric lateralization: Asymmetric interhemispheric recruitment in the face perception network. Frässle S, Paulus FM, Krach S, Schweinberger SR, Stephan KE, Jansen A. Neuroimage. 2016 Jan 1;124(Pt A):977-988. doi: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2015.09.055. Epub 2015 Oct 9.

    Effects of Smoking Cessation on Presynaptic Dopamine Function of Addicted Male Smokers. Rademacher L, Prinz S, Winz O, Henkel K, Dietrich CA, Schmaljohann J, Mohammadkhani Shali S, Schabram I, Stoppe C, Cumming P, Hilgers RD, Kumakura Y, Coburn M, Mottaghy FM, Gründer G, Vernaleken I. Biol Psychiatry. 2016 Aug 1;80(3):198-206. doi: 10.1016/j.biopsych.2015.11.009. Epub 2015 Dec 1.

    Neuronal pathways of embarrassment. Krach S, Müller-Pinzler L, Rademacher L, Stolz DS, Paulus FM. Neuroforum. 22 (2), 2016


    Journal Impact Factor Shapes Scientists’ Reward Signal in the Prospect of Publication. Paulus FM, Rademacher L, Schäfer TA, Müller-Pinzler L, Krach S. PLoS One. 2015 Nov 10;10(11):e0142537. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0142537. eCollection 2015.

    Evidence from pupillometry and fMRI indicates reduced neural response during vicarious social pain but not physical pain in autism. Krach S, Kamp-Becker I, Einhäuser W, Sommer J, Frässle S, Jansen A, Rademacher L, Müller-Pinzler L, Gazzola V, Paulus FM. Hum Brain Mapp. 2015 Nov;36(11):4730-44. doi: 10.1002/hbm.22949. Epub 2015 Sep 14.

    Neural pathways of embarrassment and their modulation by social anxiety. Müller-Pinzler L, Gazzola V, Keysers C, Sommer J, Jansen A, Frässle S, Einhäuser W, Paulus FM, Krach S. Neuroimage. 2015 Oct 1;119:252-261. doi: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2015.06.036. Epub 2015 Jun 18.

    Test-retest reliability of dynamic causal modeling for fMRI. Frässle S, Stephan KE, Friston KJ, Steup M, Krach S, Paulus FM, Jansen A. Neuroimage. 2015 Aug 15;117:56-66. doi: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2015.05.040. Epub 2015 May 22.

    Fronto-insula network activity explains emotional dysfunctions in juvenile myoclonic epilepsy: combined evidence from pupillometry and fMRI. Paulus FM, Krach S, Blanke M, Roth C, Belke M, Sommer J, Müller-Pinzler L, Menzler K, Jansen A, Rosenow F, Bremmer F, Einhäuser W, Knake S. Cortex. 2015 Apr;65:219-31. doi: 10.1016/j.cortex.2015.01.018. Epub 2015 Feb 7.

    Mentalizing and the Role of the Posterior Superior Temporal Sulcus in Sharing Others’ Embarrassment. Paulus FM, Müller-Pinzler L, Jansen A, Gazzola V, Krach S. Cereb Cortex. 2015 Aug;25(8):2065-75. doi: 10.1093/cercor/bhu011. Epub 2014 Feb 10.


    Acute and sustained effects of methylphenidate on cognition and presynaptic dopamine metabolism: an [18F]FDOPA PET study. Schabram I, Henkel K, Mohammadkhani Shali S, Dietrich C, Schmaljohann J, Winz O, Prinz S, Rademacher L, Neumaier B, Felzen M, Kumakura Y, Cumming P, Mottaghy FM, Gründer G, Vernaleken I. J Neurosci. 2014 Oct 29;34(44):14769-76. doi: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.1560-14.2014.

    The uncanny return of the race concept. Heinz A, Müller DJ, Krach S, Cabanis M, Kluge UP. Front Hum Neurosci. 2014 Nov 4;8:836. doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2014.00836. eCollection 2014.

    Differential patterns of nucleus accumbens activation during anticipation of monetary and social reward in young and older adults. Rademacher L, Salama A, Gründer G, Spreckelmeyer KN. Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci. 2014 Jun;9(6):825-31. doi: 10.1093/scan/nst047. Epub 2013 Apr 1.

    Association of rs1006737 in CACNA1C with alterations in prefrontal activation and fronto-hippocampal connectivity. Paulus FM, Bedenbender J, Krach S, Pyka M, Krug A, Sommer J, Mette M, Nöthen MM, Witt SH, Rietschel M, Kircher T, Jansen A. Hum Brain Mapp. 2014 Apr;35(4):1190-200. doi: 10.1002/hbm.22244. Epub 2013 Feb 13.


    Oxytocin influences processing of socially relevant cues in the ventral tegmental area of the human brain. Groppe SE, Gossen A, Rademacher L, Hahn A, Westphal L, Gründer G, Spreckelmeyer KN. Biol Psychiatry. 2013 Aug 1;74(3):172-9. doi: 10.1016/j.biopsych.2012.12.023. Epub 2013 Feb 16.

    Lack of association of a functional catechol-O-methyltransferase gene polymorphism with risk of tobacco smoking: results from a multicenter case-control study. Mutschler J, Abbruzzese E, von der Goltz C, Dinter C, Mobascher A, Thiele H, Diaz-Lacava A, Dahmen N, Gallinat J, Majic T, Petrovsky N, Thuerauf N, Kornhuber J, Gründer G, Rademacher L, Brinkmeyer J, Wienker T, Wagner M, Winterer G, Kiefer F. Nicotine Tob Res. 2013 Jul;15(7):1322-7. doi: 10.1093/ntr/nts334. Epub 2013 Jan 3.

    Neural activation during anticipation of opposite-sex and same-sex faces in heterosexual men and women. Spreckelmeyer KN, Rademacher L, Paulus FM, Gründer G. Neuroimage. 2013 Feb 1;66:223-31. doi: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2012.10.068. Epub 2012 Nov 2.

    Test-Retest Reliability of fMRI Brain Activity during Memory Encoding. Brandt DJ, Sommer J, Krach S, Bedenbender J, Kircher T, Paulus FM, Jansen A. Front Psychiatry. 2013 Dec 9;4:163. doi: 10.3389/fpsyt.2013.00163. eCollection 2013.

    Elaborative encoding during REM dreaming as prospective emotion regulation. Westermann S, Paulus FM, Müller-Pinzler L, Krach S. Behav Brain Sci. 2013 Dec;36(6):631-3; discussion 634-59. doi: 10.1017/S0140525X13001465.

    The impact of dopamine on aggression: an [18F]-FDOPA PET Study in healthy males. Schlüter T, Winz O, Henkel K, Prinz S, Rademacher L, Schmaljohann J, Dautzenberg K, Cumming P, Kumakura Y, Rex S, Mottaghy FM, Gründer G, Vernaleken I. J Neurosci. 2013 Oct 23;33(43):16889-96. doi: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.1398-13.201

    Functional polymorphism in the neuropeptide Y gene promoter (rs16147) is associated with serum leptin levels and waist-hip ratio in women. Mutschler J, Abbruzzese E, Wiedemann K, von der Goltz C, Dinter C, Mobascher A, Thiele H, Diaz-Lacava A, Dahmen N, Gallinat J, Majic T, Petrovsky N, Thuerauf N, Kornhuber J, Gründer G, Rademacher L, Brinkmeyer J, Wienker T, Wagner M, Winterer G, Kiefer F. Ann Nutr Metab. 2013;62(4):271-6. doi: 10.1159/000346799. Epub 2013 May 4.

    Advancing the neuroscience of social emotions with social immersion. Krach S, Müller-Pinzler L, Westermann S, Paulus FM. Behav Brain Sci. 2013 Aug;36(4):427-8. doi: 10.1017/S0140525X12001951.

    Comparing the neural correlates of affective and cognitive theory of mind using fMRI: Involvement of the basal ganglia in affective theory of mind. Bodden ME, Kübler D, Knake S, Menzler K, Heverhagen JT, Sommer J, Kalbe E, Krach S, Dodel R. Adv Cogn Psychol. 2013 Mar 15;9(1):32-43. doi: 10.2478/v10053-008-0129-6. Print 2013.

    Essentializing the binary self: individualism and collectivism in cultural neuroscience. Martínez Mateo M, Cabanis M, Stenmanns J, Krach S. Front Hum Neurosci. 2013 Jun 21;7:289. doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2013.00289. eCollection 2013.

    On the distinction of empathic and vicarious emotions. Paulus FM, Müller-Pinzler L, Westermann S, Krach S. Front Hum Neurosci. 2013 May 15;7:196. doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2013.00196. eCollection 2013.

    Partial support for ZNF804A genotype-dependent alterations in prefrontal connectivity. Paulus FM, Krach S, Bedenbender J, Pyka M, Sommer J, Krug A, Knake S, Nöthen MM, Witt SH, Rietschel M, Kircher T, Jansen A. Hum Brain Mapp. 2013 Feb;34(2):304-13. doi: 10.1002/hbm.21434. Epub 2011 Oct 31.

    Potential bias in meta-analyses of effect sizes in imaging genetics. Paulus FM, Krach S, Albrecht AG, Jansen A. Schizophr Bull. 2013 May;39(3):501-3. doi: 10.1093/schbul/sbt035. Epub 2013 Mar 9.

    Demands in reflecting about another’s motives and intentions modulate vicarious embarrassment in autism spectrum disorders. Paulus FM, Kamp-Becker I, Krach S. Res Dev Disabil. 2013 Apr;34(4):1312-21. doi: 10.1016/j.ridd.2013.01.009. Epub 2013 Feb 14.

    On the role of critique for science: a reply to Bao and Pöppel. Martínez Mateo M, Cabanis M, Cruz de Echeverría Loebell N, Krach S. Neurosci Biobehav Rev. 2013 May;37(4):723-5. doi: 10.1016/j.neubiorev.2012.11.006. Epub 2012 Nov 19. No abstract available.

    Affect-specific activation of shared networks for perception and execution of facial expressions. Kircher T, Pohl A, Krach S, Thimm M, Schulte-Rüther M, Anders S, Mathiak K. Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci. 2013 Apr;8(4):370-7. doi: 10.1093/scan/nss008. Epub 2012 Jan 24.


    Increased autonomic activation in vicarious embarrassment. Müller-Pinzler L, Paulus FM, Stemmler G, Krach S. Int J Psychophysiol. 2012 Oct;86(1):74-82. doi: 10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2012.07.183. Epub 2012 Aug 1.

    Concerns about cultural neurosciences: a critical analysis. Martínez Mateo M, Cabanis M, Cruz de Echeverría Loebell N, Krach S. Neurosci Biobehav Rev. 2012 Jan;36(1):152-61. doi: 10.1016/j.neubiorev.2011.05.006. Epub 2011 May 19. Review.


    Your flaws are my pain: linking empathy to vicarious embarrassment. Krach S, Cohrs JC, de Echeverría Loebell NC, Kircher T, Sommer J, Jansen A, Paulus FM. PLoS One. 2011 Apr 13;6(4):e18675. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0018675.

    Functional connectivity analyses in imaging genetics: considerations on methods and data interpretation. Bedenbender J, Paulus FM, Krach S, Pyka M, Sommer J, Krug A, Witt SH, Rietschel M, Laneri D, Kircher T, Jansen A. PLoS One. 2011;6(12):e26354. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0026354. Epub 2011 Dec 29.


    Dissociation of neural networks for anticipation and consumption of monetary and social rewards. Rademacher L, Krach S, Kohls G, Irmak A, Gründer G, Spreckelmeyer KN. Neuroimage. 2010 Feb 15;49(4):3276-85. doi: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2009.10.089. Epub 2009 Nov 12.


    Anticipation of monetary and social reward differently activates mesolimbic brain structures in men and women. Spreckelmeyer KN, Krach S, Kohls G, Rademacher L, Irmak A, Konrad K, Kircher T, Gründer G. Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci. 2009 Jun;4(2):158-65. doi: 10.1093/scan/nsn051. Epub 2009 Jan 27.

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